A naturalistic paradise between two regions, Tuscany and Emilia Romagna, where the wolf has returned to hunt deer and roe deer .This is the greenest park in Italy, covering the forests of approximately 80% of its surface. The whole area is rich in waterways: Bidente, Rabbi and Montone are the names of the rivers that run through the Romagna valleys. From the Tuscan side flow the left tributaries of the Arno, such as the Staggia, Fiumicello and Archiano streams .
At Ridracoli , where one of the naturalistic museums in the park area is located, since 1982 a dam erected to supply drinking water to the municipalities of the Romagna Riviera, has created an artificial reservoir, frequented by various species of birds.
More suggestive are the images of the waterfalls of the ditch of Acquacheta , described by Dante in the XVI canto of the Inferno, or those of the Scalandrini and others, which in winter are transformed into extraordinary ice arabesques.
The flora is very varied and rich , counting approximately 1,200 species . In the warmer and more arid areas live Mediterranean species, which are added to the more widespread species with European distribution. But these woods reserve continuous surprises for botanists, as evidenced by the recent discoveries of a rare fern and a new orchid.
In the park, in addition to many other species of animals, there are four species of ungulates: roe deer, red deer, fallow deer and wild boar. Present with about 5,000 specimens, the roe deer lives in the entire area of the park. Its number is contained above all by predation by the wolf , but also by the harsh winters and competition with the deer. The fallow deer was introduced starting from 1835 for the hunting trips of Grand Duke Leopoldo II.
Since then it has multiplied, especially at the lower altitudes of the Romagna side of the park, and today the damage caused in the fields has earned it the hostility of the farmers. Also introduced was the mouflon, in the fifties and sixties, this time from the Forestale: but currently it seems that there are no more, after the return of the wolf of which it has evidently represented an attractive prey by virtue of its poor adaptation to similar environments.
As for the wild boar, absent from the park area until twenty years ago, it was reintroduced in the early 1970s for hunting purposes and today it is the main prey of the wolf.